Communal Assault in India
The Nationwide Advisory Council recently unveiled a draft ‘Prevention of Communal and Targeted Violence (Access to Justice and Reparations) Invoice, 2011'. The Bill intends to create a framework pertaining to prevention and control of public and sectarian violence. In addition, it aims to provide relief to victims of such violence. In this circumstance, we present some stats on the incidence of communal violence in India. During 2005-09, 648 people were killed and eleven, 278 hurt in 4, 030 occurrences of public violence Communal clashes in India (2005‐09)
2500 � � 2k � � 1500 � � a thousand � � 500
zero 2005 2006 Incidents 2007 Killed
Usually, 130 persons died and 2, 2 hundred were hurt in public violence annually. Incidents had been reported via 24 of the 35 states and union territories. The maximum number of occurrences occurred in Maharashtra (700), then Madhya Pradesh (666) and Uttar Pradesh (645). The majority of the north eastern states (except Assam) and union territories (except Delhi) did not observe any occurrences of public violence. 08 Injured 2009
Four says accounted for 64% of all fatalities
People killed in communal� clashes (2005‐09)
Assam, 15 Others, 34 Tamil Nadu, 18 Jharkhand, 24 Rajasthan, 29 AP, 15 Uttar� Pradesh, 176
Uttar Pradesh documented the highest number of deaths. A total of 176 people died in these occurrences; another two, 171 were injured. Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Orissa had another highest range of casualties. In Madhya Pradesh, communal assault claimed 107 lives and injured 1, 708 persons. In Maharashtra, 77 persons died and 2, 012 were harmed.
Gujarat, 34 Bihar, 35 Madhya� Pradesh, 107 Orissa, 52 Maharashtra, 77
Orissa witnessed 52 deaths; 234 people were harmed.
Rohit Kumar [email protected] org
PRS Legal Research Center for Insurance plan Research Dharma Marg Chanakyapuri Tel: (011) 2410 6720, (011) 2611 5273-76, Fax: 2687 2746 www.prsindia.org
06 15, 2011
New Delhi – 110021
Communal assault in India
PRS Legal Research
For each capita basis, the highest volume of deaths was reported from Madhya Pradesh People killed in communal� clashes, adjusted for population (Deaths per million)� 2005‐09 1 . 60 1 . 40 1 . 20 1 ) 00 zero. 80 zero. 60 zero. 40 0. 20
The adjoining chart presents the state-wise data after modifying for the size of the state. This plots a per capita metric – the number of deaths recorded every million persons. Average 0. 54
Madhya Pradesh makes up the most fatalities per mil. This amount is almost thrice the countrywide average (0. 54 fatalities per million). Six other towns are above the national normal – Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat.
During these five years, the highest number of cases of communal violence had been reported in 2008 People killed in communal� clashes� in� UP, MP, Maharashtra, � Orissa 50 45 forty 35 31 25 twenty 15 12 5 0 2005 2006 2007 08 2009
In 2008, 943 instances of communal violence were reported coming from across the country. It was 20% higher than the average inside the other four years. Orissa registered a spike in 2008 with 43 fatalities. In all additional years, less than five deaths were reported. Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra also noticed increased violence in 2008. In Maharashtra, this number remained loaded with 2009. Uttar Pradesh depicted a different trend. Deaths because of communal assault declined following 2005, prior to rising once again in 2009. Orissa
Notice: 1 . Info for the many years movement 2005-06 continues to be sourced from Rajya Sabha, Unstarred Issue 694, fifth March, 08 2 . Data for the years 2007-09 continues to be sourced from Lok Sabha, Unstarred Question 2545, 10th August, 2010
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